Multifamily housing developers have to make countless critical initial decisions, one of them being the types of HVAC systems to install. Peak energy demand, system sizing, efficiency, and cost are some of the obstacles they’ll have to overcome when weighing the available options. Let’s make your life a whole lot easier by giving you some useful advice for finding out the ideal HVAC system for multifamily homes.
An improperly sized HVAC system can cause serious discomfort for occupants. They’ll have to endure uneven temperatures, excess humidity, and inadequate heating or cooling. And let’s not forget the amount of energy that such a system will waste.
As a rule of thumb, select the smallest system size that’s capable of handling the calculated load. The Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) developed Manual J, which provides details of the load calculation procedure for residential buildings.
Consider seeking help from an HVAC technician. He or she will consider your property’s size, physical orientation, design, and the number of occupants, among other things to accurately size the system.
Centralized vs. Decentralized Units
There are two categories of HVAC systems for multifamily housing: centralized systems and decentralized systems.
In a centralized system, heating and cooling take place in a mechanical room, which is usually either in the building’s basement or penthouse. On the contrary, decentralized systems are compartmentalized. They offer separate heating and cooling units for every family or housing unit.
Centralized systems are more efficient but have higher installation costs. As a result, they’re preferred for high-rise developments. Decentralized units are more cost-effective hence are more popular in smaller buildings.
It’s crucial that your property’s HVAC system is designed to enable easy maintenance. It should also provide in-unit control to the occupants.
Remember, just as with systems for single-family homes, an HVAC system for multifamily homes will perform better if ductwork is sealed and the building is well insulated.
For additional information on multifamily HVAC systems, contact Beyer Boys. We proudly serve residents in the San Antonio area with quality HVAC sizing and installation services.